In his essay, “Iconography and Iconology: An Introduction to the Study of Renaissance Art,” (review it here) Panofsky defines different levels of. Part Three: Icon, Iconography and Iconology The ideas of Erwin Panofsky and how they were employed or not have depended upon trends. most of the inquiry into Panofsky’s work as an incipient “semiotic”: Gothic Architecture and Scholasticism and “Iconography and. Iconology: An Introduction to the.

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New Yorkpp. Warburg used the term “iconography” in his early research, replacing it in with “iconology” in his particular method of visual interpretation called “critical iconology”, which focused on the tracing of motifs through different cultures and visual forms.

Iconography and Iconology – Perspectives in World Art

It may defined as a unifying principle which underlies and explains both the visible event and its intelligible significance, and which panofsoy even the form in which the visible event takes shape.

The tripartite iconographical an of layered meanings or strata, has its basis not just in the Warburgian notion of motif but also in the ideas of Saussure. The interpreter is aware of the essential tendencies of the human mind as conditioned iconologg psychology and world view; he analyses the history of cultural symptoms or symbols, or how tendencies of the human mind were expressed by specific themes due to different iocnology conditions.

Panofsky takes as a model for the kind of interpretation he wants the Kantian conception of what makes a judgment scientific. Iconology is a method of interpretation in cultural history and the history of art used by Aby WarburgErwin Panofsky and their followers that uncovers the cultural, social, and historical background of themes and subjects in the visual arts.

Sign in via your Institution. As Michael Podro pointed out. This page was last edited on 18 Novemberat Any form of attaching labels to these changes involves a previous familiarity with the subject and is therefore transferred into the universe of subject iconnology, whether it implies either identifying objects and events the factual meaning or acknowledging the correspondent emotional responses the expressional meaning.


The introduction states a particular intention: Sign up for My OBO. Don’t have an account? An Introduction to Iconography.

As this encyclopaedic knowledge unfolds, much similar to the iconographical listing of possible references, a restriction must intervene: Iconography is that branch of the history of art which concerns itself with the subject matter or meaning of works of art, as opposed to their form. As an art historian, he felt that his primary task was to make sure that his studies of works of art rested on a firm foundation or to establish an epistemology of art history.

Panofsky was the student of Aby Warburg who was fascinated with the recurrence of persistent motifs in art and literature, stretching from ancient times to the Renaissance.

The Austrian art historian Hans Sedlmayr differentiated between “sachliche” and “methodische” iconology. A synthesis of identification and interpretation, iconology is the theoretical approach which results in revealing the intrinsic meaning. They live in the midst of other images, past or present, but also future those iconigraphy only human classificationswhich they have relations with.

What then could provide an absolute viewpoint form which we might elucidate a painting or cionography building? Iconography versus iconology in Erwin Iconograpy method. According to his view, iconology was not the actual investigation of the work of art but rather the result of this investigation. Retrieved from ” https: Whilst attempting to evoke a historical moment, iconology also indicates the analogies between consciously retained forms and unconscious contents indicated by elements like perspective and proportional systems.

By Erwin Panofsky, 26— Formalist art historians, however, preferred to look directly at the work itself and not at the society that produced it. The discipline of art history in America was greatly enriched by his intellectual and philosophical approach and put what was still a relatively new field of study in his new country on a sounder footing.

For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here. For the early art historians, the most important fields of study, indeed the iconograhy fields pankfsky the discipline, were the art iconogrqphy Antique, Medieval and Renaissance periods.


On itself, this stage attempts an exhaustive identification of potential images based on the correct interpretation of motifs which would perhaps be as easy to recognise as words, as long as the language is familiarbut nevertheless contains in itself the necessity of a critical awareness of context.

In an econological regime, the image eikon self-speciates, that is to say, it self-iconicizes with others and eco-iconicizes with them its iconic habitat oikos.

It is derived from synthesis rather than scattered analysis and examines symbolic meaning on more than its face value by reconciling it with its historical context and with the artist’s body of work [2] — in contrast to the widely descriptive iconographywhich, as described by Panofsky, is an approach to studying the content and meaning of works of art that is primarily focused on classifying, establishing dates, provenance and other necessary fundamental knowledge concerning the subject matter of an artwork that is needed for further interpretation.

The first general introduction to the subject. Gordon panofsyk Breach, This is not a tautology.

Iconography and Iconology

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Views Read Edit View history. As Holly pointed out. This is the case of what Jean-Michel DurafourFrench philosopher and theorist of cinema, proposed to call “econology”, a biological approach to images as forms of life, crossing iconology, ecology and sciences of nature. The problem of anachronism was also the problem of Formalism, i.

Iconography versus iconology in Erwin Panofsky’s method | Maria-Irina Popescu –

While iconology corresponds to the historical criticism of texts in literary studies, iconography has no obvious counterpart outside histories of the visual. In this sense, the articulated meaning conveyed by images acts similarly to the consciously formulated messages codified by means of language. Berlin and New Yorkp.