You agree to abide by all applicable anti-corruption laws, including laws prohibiting illegal payments to people for a corrupt purpose in relation to these. Clase 5 bocio endemico download as powerpoint presentation. Prevalence and geographical distribution of endemic goitre. Saude publica avaliacao do bocio. May-Jul;23()– [PubMed]; STACPOOLE HH. La profilaxis del bocio endemico en Mexico. Bol Oficina Sanit Panam. Mar;36(3)–
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There is coexistence between the two extremes of iodine intake insufficient and excessive. The size of the sndemico rather than its geographical location better defines the risk of iodine deficiency: Iodine metabolism and physiological aspects of endemic goitre. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References. We grouped data according to three geo-political levels: Effect of iodine intake on thyroid diseases in China.
Med Cir Bogota Aug; 16 The range of subjects sampled from each school was 23 to 36 children, and all data were collected from May to July To our knowledge, it is the first time that excessive iodine intake was associated with unhealthy weight.
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bocio endemico en mexico pdf
In general, it is accepted that 30 urine samples are enough to calculate the median of UIC 2. Historic records of endemic goiter: Iodine deficiency is still one of the most important nutritional deficiencies worldwide 1.
This nutritional context makes it mandatory to describe the current situation of iodine nutrition in Mexico. Moreover, Mexico is considered a nutrition transition country with serious problems of overweight and obesity and a reduction of infectious diseases and nutritional deficiencies 8. Thyroid function and structure are affected in childhood obesity.
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A representative subsample of table salt samples between In dndemico case only 7. The SGI is a measurement obtained by means of a principal component analysis that summarizes 11 indicators categorized in four dimensions: There are no recent national surveys about iodine content in table salt in households of Mexico, and the consumption pattern of iodized salt is poorly understood.
Ana Colarossi, from the Cayetano Bocil Peruvian University, for their technical advice and training in urinary iodine determination and Dr. On the other hand, in the USA, dairy products seem to play an important role as iodine source Bull World Health Organ.
Seven deadly sins in confronting endemic iodine deficiency, and how to avoid them. Utilizou-se um total de 1. On the other hand, the control of chronic undernutrition has been notably improved in the last years. Prevalence and geographical distribution of endemic goitre. La profilaxis del bocio endemico en Mexico. Table 1 shows major geographic and sociodemographic characteristics, such as total population 10schoolchildren population 11extreme poverty 12social gap index SGI 12prevalence of stunting 13and range of altitude 14 of each municipality studied.
Finally, high rates of congenital hypothyroidism were used as a third criterion of selection. Disease control priorities in developing countries. The authors are also grateful to the undergraduate iodine study group, Claudia Alarcon and Valeria Perez, for their technical support. WHO global database on iodine deficiency. All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.
For the anthropometric measurements, shoes of the subjects were removed, their pockets emptied, and they wore light indoor clothing. Due to the wide age range 5 to 16 years we boco separately the years group and found no differences in the UIC compared with the whole sample.
Table 2 also shows the prevalence of stunting, overweight, and obesity. Moreover, there is coexistence between the two extremes of iodine intake insufficient and excessive. At a national level, it is encemico that, endmeico tothe consumption of industrialized foods increased 6. Am J Clin Nutr. In Mexico, it is compulsory for the food industry to employ iodized salt in their products. Iodine-deficient soils are common in mountainous areas Only schools with more than 30 children between 6 to 12 years of age were mexcio in this study In pregnant women, goiter prevalence was 19 in Pachuca, 20 in Ixmiquilpan, and 52 in Huejutla.
Overweight and obesity trends in Mexican children 2 to 18 years of age from to Because of this, we consider that the generation of a national program for monitoring urinary iodine excretion to reach and keep adequate iodine nutrition by means of an USI program is a priority.
Cross-sectional study in a purposive sample in three regions, one with known high prevalence of goiter Huejutlaone with unknown prevalence Ixmiquilpan and one with no expected deficiency Pachuca. Tercia Cesaria Reis de Souza for her support to translate the title and abstract into Portuguese. Quantitative iodine analyses of table salt were performed using the sodium thiosulfate titration method 2.
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The Swiss iodized salt program provides adequate iodine for school children and pregnant women, but weaning infants not receiving iodine-containing complementary foods as well as their mothers are iodine deficient.